Thursday, July 25, 2024

Apple has new App Store rules, business terms, and sideloading conditions for EU developers

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Apple has announced iOS 17.4 that includes new options for an alternative App Store in the European Union, plus browsers will no longer have to use Apple’s WebKit.

The App Store is changing in Europe

It was known that Apple would be working to comply with the EU’s requirement that it add sideloading, or third-party app stores. Now Apple has revealed that from March 2024, and the release of iOS 17, it will be adding new fees, new options for developers, and is working to maintain privacy safeguards for users.

“The changes we’re announcing today comply with the Digital Markets Act’s requirements in the European Union,” said Phil Schiller, Apple Fellow, “while helping to protect EU users from the unavoidable increased privacy and security threats this regulation brings.”

“Our priority remains creating the best, most secure possible experience for our users in the EU and around the world,” he continued. “Developers can now learn about the new tools and terms available for alternative app distribution and alternative payment processing, new capabilities for alternative browser engines and contactless payments, and more.”

“Importantly,” he said, “developers can choose to remain on the same business terms in place today if they prefer.”

Apple is now going to notarize all iOS apps, regardless of where they are sold. It says this will mean protecting users from security issues, but will not also include the same App Store Review that Apple now provides.

Developers who want to offer their own marketplace will have to be approved by Apple. Approval requires that developers demonstrate human review of apps before distribution.

If a developer does offer their own marketplace, Apple says it will not be responsible for refunds. Plus Apple features such as Family Purchase Sharing and Ask to Buy, will not be available for apps downloaded outside of the App Store.

However, once a third-party app marketplace has been approved, the developer will be able to release any of its streaming games through it. Previously, each individual game had to be submitted separately, and be a standalone app on the App Store.

How the App Store will look to EU users

From the user’s perspective, they will be asked for permission when a developer wants to add a marketplace. Users can also later revoke that permission.

Before a user installed an app from an alternative store, they will have to be shown an App Installation Sheet. This will display information from Apple’s notarization system, such as the developer name, and screenshots.

Users will also get three payment options, depending on how developers choose to distribute their apps. They can buy apps via the App Store as now, they can buy via an alternative payment service, or they can click a link to go out to purchase on the developer’s website.

They will also be able to set a third-party app marketplace as their default App Store. As part of this, iOS users will be able to select a third-party contactless payment app as their default.

To enable this, Apple is providing developers with access to NFC technology — without opening up Apple Pay or Wallet.

Apple is also expanding user choice regarding browsers. At present, Safari can be swapped for an alternative via System Settings, but all iOS browsers have had to use Apple’s WebKit engine.

Now developers can use alternatives. And the first time a user opens Safari after installing iOS 17.4, they will be prompted to select a default from a list of popular browsers.

Apple is updating iOS, Safari, and the App Store in the EU

New fees for EU developers that choose sideloading

For apps that continued to be sold via the App Store, Apple will reduce its standard commission from 30% to 17%. Apps that now get charged the reduced 15%, will instead be charged 10%.

All apps, including those sold outside of Apple’s store will be charged a Core Technology Fee, which is 0.5 Euro per first install of an app annually. Apple will waive that fee for the first one million installs.

This first install is per user account per year, so a user can install an app on multiple devices, and also the developer can release multiple updates, without incurring a further charge. There will be no fee for educational institutions, non-profit or governmental organisations.

Developers who remain in the App Store as now, will also be able opt to pay Apple a further 3% to use the company’s payment processing services.

Developers in the App Store will get over 50 new reports regarding engagement, commerce and so on. The data will be provided via a new analytics API.

Apple says that at present, 88% of active developers in the EU pay no fee. The some 9% pay the current 15% rate, and the rest are on the standard 30%.

Following the changes, Apple claims that 99% of all developers in the EU will pay the same or less in fees.

Apple says the changes will go live in the EU in March, but it has now released a developer beta of the required iOS 17.4.

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